Vocabulary Related to Asthma

Below is a list of the more commonly used words associated with asthma.


Asthma

Controllable chronic lung disease causing swelling and narrowing of the airways


Chronic

A lasting disease or one that develops slowly


Allergies

Things in the environment that are usually harmless, however, some children are sensitive to them and can cause a reaction from their body

Examples: grass, strong odors, mold, and dust


Symptoms

What is felt when airways become swollen and narrow

Examples: wheezing, coughing, tight feeling or pain in the chest


Airways

Tubes in the lungs through which air flows


Episode or exacerbation

The period when asthma symptoms get worse


Peak flow meter

A device that is used to measure the amount of air that can be blown out of the lungs


Triggers

Anything that causes asthma symptoms



Wheeze

A sound made by the chest with asthma or airway obstruction


Asthma Action Plan

A written plan which lists the action to be taken when a child is having trouble breathing


Metered dose inhaler

A small hand-held device that allows your child to breathe in a fine mist of medicine into their lungs


Nebulizer

A machine or device that turns liquid medicine into a mist that breathe into your lungs


Spacer/holding chamber

A plastic tube that is attached to the metered dose inhaler.
The plastic tube holds the medicine until it is breathed in by the child using it


Rescue medicine or quick reliever

A medicine that your child takes only when they have asthma symptoms or an asthma attack


Controller medicine

A medicine your child takes every day to control their asthma symptoms